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Book Review: Work and Motivation by Victor Vroom

Work and Motivation by Victor Vroom is a paradigm shifting book that looks at the human motivation within the workplace through both an individual and group based lens. For managers who are seeking methods of improving on worker motivation the book is not one that should be passed up without a thorough read.   It provides keen insight on the potential, nature, and limitations of employee motivation.  The book attempts to summarize the findings of industrial psychologists and research related to human motivation within the workplace. The work focused on three areas: 1.        The choices made by persons among work roles. 2.        The extent of their satisfaction with their chosen work roles 3.        The level of their performance or effectiveness in their chosen work roles.  Vroom makes the assertion that there are two types of determinants of attitudes which include 1.) The cognized utility of the attitude toward attaining particular outcomes; and, 2.) The inten