Monday, December 22, 2014

The Generalist or the Specialist: Which Approach Should You Take?

Those embarking on their career, or a new career, may want to understand what type of training or education is likely to lead to higher levels of pay and performance. Some will skip college and become specialists while others will move through a broader education and become generalists. A few may do both. Each has their advantages and weaknesses in the short and long-term and career enthusiasts should consider both.

A young person graduates high school and must make a decision between obtaining certificates and entering the workforce or frequenting a college. Specialists are easier to train and don't often required a lengthy college education which can be an advantage for those not willing to take on debt. However, it can also leave a person less likely to be promoted in the future. 

 Adaptability of Skills

Generalists are more adaptive than specialists and offer opportunities for greater levels flexibility in a changing market.  The broad based skills are more transferable and portable across both industries and companies. Specialists are focused on a particular function and may not always be able to easily apply those skills to other companies thereby limiting their opportunities. 

Specializing and Wages

Specialists typically earn more money in the beginning of their careers when compared to generalists. As a specialist in demand oriented markets like technical support the specialist can make a lot of money with certificates and training. As the skill sets become broader the more time it makes to earn higher wages.

Management and Generalist Skills

At the management level the generalist skill takes precedence in promotion. Generalists have a wide range of experiences and skills that help them manage other people. A specialist will be more limited in their perspectives and knowledge. For those seeking to eventually move into management and executive positions the generalist approach is a better long-term avenue. 

Sunday, December 21, 2014

Call for Papers: 2015 International Business Conference

Conference Dates: August 2-6, 2015

Final abstracts/papers due: July 7, 2015

Join us at our 2015 International Business Conference in New York City, at the Sheraton New York Times Square Hotel! In addition to the Business Conference, we are also hosting a Education Conference that will be held on the same days, at the same venue. One registration fee will allow you to attend both conferences.


The business conference provides a forum for faculty and administrators to present their research on all aspects of business. Topics include, but are not limited to:
  • Accounting
  • Auditing
  • Banking
  • Business Education
  • Business Ethics
  • Business Information Systems
  • Business Law
  • Business Teaching Methods
  • Business Technology
  • Computer Information Systems
  • Diversity Management
  • E-Commerce
  • Economics
  • Energy Policy
  • Engineering
  • Finance
  • Human Resources
  • Information Systems
  • International Business
  • International Energy Development & Usage
  • Management
  • Marketing
  • Service Science
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Taxes

College Structures that are Changing to Student Needs

It wasn’t long ago that the only option for higher education was to attend classes full-time and put your life on hold. The traditional educational model was implanted from European religious models and existed in the country and unchanged for hundreds of years.  The advent of new virtual information and the interconnectedness of media tools have changed the fundamental way in which colleges operate. 

Retrofitting Traditional Structures:

Traditional structures are based on traditional mediums of learning that rely heavily on face-to-face communication. As technology made its way into the modern educational world such colleges first implemented this technology in individual classes and then into the infrastructure of their universities. Older platforms are in the process of retrofitted to handle more data and virtual learning platforms. 

Newer models do not have large physical infrastructures but are marked by their sleek and cost saving designs. Lacking a physical product like traditional campuses, the new designs provide data driven highways and greater virtual access than traditional universities can provide. Learning is not limited to campus residing students but may reach out over the globe while keeping costs low. 

Changing Demographics of Students:

Today’s world is more complex than it was in the past. A few decades ago a person would either get a job or they would attend college. College was a step into a better life where the ends were limited by the dreams of the graduate. Even though the same fundamental choices exist today, not having a college degree can be seriously limiting for one's lifestyle. College has become the new high school diploma.

Students are likely to be older and return to school at various stages of their life. They may get a bachelor degree, work for 10 years, and then go back for a Master's degree. Virtual education is matched to the needs of changing demographics and learning-living lifestyles. It is not yet a fully explored medium and will someday continue to improve speed making information limited to the capacities of the human mind.

Online Adjunct Faculty in Hospitality and Tourism Management

Online adjunct faculty to teach hospitality and tourism management courses for Fort Hays State University in the virtual program. Such courses may include Introduction to Tourism, Lodging Management, Food & Beverage Management, Meeting and Events Management, Service Operations, International Hospitality, and Tourism Marketing.

Immediate opportunity for Spring 2015 (Introduction to Tourism & Hospitality)

Qualifications: A Master’s degree in tourism and hospitality management, or a related business-field is required along with a record of significant ongoing professional business experience. A Ph.D. in Tourism and Hospitality Management, or a related business-field is preferred. A record of successful teaching is desirable. Faculty candidates who are considered academically qualified under college accreditation guidelines will receive strongest consideration. The ideal candidate should be comfortable teaching a variety of tourism and hospitality courses in a distance learning mode. Successful candidates will have consented to and successfully completed a criminal background check.

Application Information
Contact: Stacey Smith
Director, Tourism & Hospitality Management Program
Fort Hays State University

Saturday, December 20, 2014

How Does Jung's Archetype Influence Your Management Style?

Carl Jung’s Archetype is considered an interesting theory about the nature of the human mind and the personality structures contained within it. The creation of self and all of its details has a substantial impact on our personality and how we relate to other people. The very way in which our archetypes create our personality will naturally impact how we deal with problems and events in the workplace. Our management style is based upon how we see ourselves and the archetypal approach we use in life.

According to Jung we have the Self which is the unification of our conscious/unconscious, the shadow which is our hidden instinct driven self, the Anima or Animus that represent the true self, and the persona is the image we share to the world. As a total person the self is the way in which we integrate ourselves while the persona is more focused on what we want to show others.

Some argue that these archetypes are universal and an inherited part of ourselves. Based upon our biological and environmental traits our personalities begin to develop particular characteristics that revolve around running themes in our lives. Some of these personality types could be the father, mother, child, hero, wise old man, maiden or trickster.

The type of persona and personality a person accustoms themselves with will obviously impact their way of thinking and their management style. According to an article in the Journal of International Management Studies a leader’s archetypes and experience combine to create the manager (Oren, 2011). This style will influence how projects are directed and the relationship the manager has with his/her subordinates.

For example, the caregiver is likely to be more humanistic in their approach when compared to the hero who may seek more opportunities to take charge. The way in which people organize their thoughts and understanding of the world around them becomes the leading method for managing other people. The archetype determines in part most, if not all, of the decisions managers make.

Determining your own style will help you be more effective in understanding the situations and work that you flourish in and develop a better plan on managing people. For example, if I take the archetype of the explorer I might become aware that I will be pushing my team to not only solve problems but explore unique ways of getting this completed. I will not be happy with stagnation in growth and production. My management style might include helping people be creative, unique, and focused on the goal to achieve objectives.

Oren, R. (2011). Preliminary findings into project management leadership archetypes. Journal of International Management Studies, 11 (3).