The authors of a study found that deep learning occurs when online asynchronous classrooms can foster questioning skills, constructive feedback and relevance (DeLotell, Milliam &Reinhard, 2010). There is an increased need of professors to focus in these three areas to foster the student to think more about the concepts and retain them in memory.
Questioning Skills: The ability to question students understanding. It is helpful to try and build off what students are currently discussing and maintain their interest based on their current focus.
Constructive Feedback: Constructive feedback doesn't mean simply saying positive things. It is helpful to give students different types of feedback to help them truly learn the material. It is possible to expand this concept to fight "easy A" mentality.
Focus on Relevance: The course and discussion should be focused and relevant to the students. Problems, examples, and articles should be topics that the students currently experience in the world and are talking about. Help students solve today's problems and questions they face.
DeLotell, P., Millam, L. and Reinhardt, M. (2010). The Use Of Deep Learning Strategies In Online Business Courses To Impact Student Retention. American Journal of Business Education, 3 (12).