Showing posts with label discovery. Show all posts
Showing posts with label discovery. Show all posts

Friday, January 31, 2014

New Species of Freshwater Fish Discovered in Idaho and Montana

It is rare to find new fresh water species of fish in the United States. It is even rarer to find new species in the mountain streams of Idaho and Montana. Biologists from the U.S. Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station came up with an interesting discovery when completing a genuine inventory.

The species they found is now called the cedar sculpin after similar species. At first they were unaware that they have discovered something new. Through genetic coding they were able to determine that these fish were previously unlisted and not seen before. 

Because of their small size of a few inches they are important fish for other larger species. In the food chain the smaller fish help maintain larger fish within the ecosystem. For example the cedar sculpin eat insects and are in turn eaten by bass. We of course like to eat the bass. 

The find helps us think about how even new things can be found right under our noses. We only need to look a little closer to see what others have not yet discovered. North America still holds some interesting gems and perhaps further research may determine better uses of this species. 

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

Three Habitable Planets Found

Three possible habitable planets recently showed up on the galactic radar in the past week. Guillem Anglada-EscudĂ© of the University of Göttingen in Germany indicated that they have seen the signals before but they may have been hidden in other data (Fox News, 2013). Using multiple data measurements the researchers were able to identify the stars and their nature. 

The solar system called Gleise 667C is much like our current solar system with 7 planets of which three are believed to be Super Earths. This means that they have water like Earth but is much larger. The ability of humans to live on such planets or whether they already contain life is unknown. However, someday out there in infinite space will be a planet we may be able to colonize. 

The solar system is also 22 light years away from us. This means that it is closer to use than originally believed. Many scientists have been using high powered telescopes to watch plants from further systems. Having habitable planets in our neighborhood is a benefit to us. It may someday be possible to finding something we can work with. 

One has to wonder if these concepts are simply a matter of long math problems. Let us assume that the chance of the Earth to be formed is a random event such as one in a billion or one in a trillion. This would mean that if space is infinite than there must be an infinite amount of earths out there just waiting for us to discover. It would mean that these would be randomly located based upon their probability. Who knows?

If one were sitting on the newly discovered planets they would see two suns during the day and would see these stars as about the strength of the moon during the nighttime. Because these planets are in the habitable zone they may have liquid water. Too far away and it would freeze and too close it would dissipate. When the star is dimmer than the sun the distance issue can change the habitable orbit width.