The study of genius has attracted sociologists, psychologists and business people for a long time. Finding ways to attract and enhance genius to become performers can lead to significant gains for society. Whether that is from business development or scientific breakthrough, the hiring and grooming of genius can lead to new ways conducting business in society. There are some factors that make genius unique among the general population that interlopers should become aware.
Genius is often defined by one's intellectual ability. A person who scores above 140 on a standard Standard-Binet scale is considered a genius. They may also be seen as a person who is 2 standard deviations above average. According to an assessment of genius in the Social and Personality Psychology Compass Journal this quantitative method may limit our understanding of genius personality traits and how it can influence performance (Simonton, 2012).
IQ assessment is a limited perspective of highly intelligent people and puts in the shadows other markets that might be of importance. Understanding some of these psychological traits also helps us better grasp of how to determine who is a genius and put them to constructive work. Taking note of intelligence, motivation, psychological uniqueness, and openness to experience gives a more profound explanation.
A Minimum Intelligence Level
True creativity relies on intelligence and it can be rare to find a person that has made strong contributions in the creative domain that doesn't have an intelligence of at least 120. Creativity is defined as a different type of intelligence level beyond than what is found on a standard intelligence level. While minimal brain smarts are needed other factors often determine success.
Thinking creates a high level of cognitive load that is not often available for the average person. The genius enjoys intellectual challenges and has the mental resources to apply a deep thought process to the development and creation of solutions. It will take a certain level of intelligence to sustain this effort to a degree where multiple factors must be kept in mental play to find complex solutions.
Potential genius can only be turned into a true genius through motivation. Obstacles and rejections push the potential genius to realize his/her talents to overcome these challenges. A solidification process occurs where confidence and ability rise to create meaningful outputs.
This is an essential factor where a genius has the abilities but never use those abilities to accomplish something or they face a challenge and overcome it in a way that leads to a breakthrough. Once a process has been developed they can use that process to overcome other problems to create additional breakthroughs.
Being outside the curve can also mean that one has the personality traits that lead to new developments and ideas. This makes geniuses more prone to mental disorders. For example, where someone in the general population may become schizophrenic, the genius becomes creative. Where a bi-polar person barely functions, the genius becomes highly motivated and improves performance.
They may not move all the way into these disorders, but touch upon them in a way that makes them who they are as unique individuals. One can have a difficulty time inventing a new way of looking at the world if they do not have the biological and psychological abilities to make unique connections that would be unavailable as a mental resource in the general population.
Openness to Experience
People who are open to experience learn new and unique things that others cannot. They gain over the years the ability to see problems from many different perspectives based on the accumulation of knowledge through trying new and unique things. They are not subjected to rigid routines that often limit the growth potential of others.
Geniuses are highly curious people who desire to understand the world around them. This curiosity is what allows them to focus on problems and create a scientific breakthrough. They are inclined to try new and interesting things to help them master their environment and learn about their interests. It is an overwhelming interest in the new and unique.